|Nuclearization of Iran; the Policy of China|
|Written by Thowhidul Islam|
Nuclearization of Iran; the Policy of China
Md. Thowhidul Islam
Lecturer in Bangladesh Studies
Abstract Iranian nuclear program has become a political discussion of significance in both Iran and western countries. Iran claims that it is entitled to nuclear sovereignty over civilian nuclear power and has denied that it has had a nuclear weapons program, while western governments feel the peaceful nuclear program has hidden intension of nuclear weapons. The international mediators have been making reconciliatory efforts with Iran but have met with little success. In the face of these past failures and present challenges, China, a member of UN Security Council, could be forced to consider acting with the other major powers to curb Iran’s nuclear ambition. On one hand, China has been increasingly supportive of the nonproliferation of weapons of mass destruction, at the same time; China’s economic boom has resulted in an energy thirst that is now affecting Beijing’s foreign policy. China’s rise has brought its multifaceted national interests to the fore including securing cooperative relations with other major powers, developing peaceful relations with neighbors including Iran, and gaining access to reliable resources to sustain the nation’s growing economy. Thus Iran’s nuclear case presents China’s leaders to demonstrate their ability to balance their domestic interests with their international responsibilities as a growing global power. Under the circumstances China’s support for Iran's nuclear program has become one of the most talked topics in the international arena. This article mainly aims at discovering the main factors behind China’s support for Iran’s nuclear program. It also includes understanding Iran’s nuclear motivations and aspirations with a view to calculate Beijing’s stand.
Keywords: Nuclear policy, Iran, China, NPT, IAEA, United States, European Union, UN security council.