Students Learn Better Through Reasoning by Analogy, But How? : A Comparative Approach

Ayse Kutlu, Adil Kutlu

Abstract


This study aims to identify the factors that make students' learning better in educational environment through a case-based reasoning learning. The students are learning well with the help of similarities between previously distinct problems. It is considered as reasoning by analogy. The qualitative approach was used in this study to clarify he factors for understanding reasoning in relation with educational learning. This study gives the importance of reasoning by analogy and making the learning process interesting and also making the learning a success through comparing the explanations and views of Paul Thagard and the Prophet Muhammad. Actually, the teacher is considered as facilitator and facilitates the learning process for better examples and instructions to help the students get the points. The necessary data for the study were collected from the written views of Paul Thagard and the Prophet Muhammad` s approach in this regard. As the limitation of present study, we can say that we could not make any questionnaire or interviews with any professors and lecturers for increasing the reliability and validity. The results demonstrate that the teachers should use reasoning by analogy in learning process to make students interested and better learned for fruitful outcomes overall. Therefore, this positive approach will make students understand and learn easily and also increase the students’ motivation for successful learning outcomes.

DOI: 10.5901/jesr.2014.v4n2p30


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This work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Journal of Educational and Social Research ISSN 2239-978X(Print) ISSN 2240-0524(Online)

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