Understanding Action of Adaptation of Peoples for Floods on Watershed Solo at East Java in Perspective Phenomenology
Floods that occur in all of the rainy season in the watershed of Solo section downstream, making the population is always adapting. Implies adaptations made in line with the socio-cultural conditions. This study aims to elaborate on the various meanings of the population adaptation measures undertaken in the face of floods in line with social-cultural rationale them. This study used a qualitative approach to the design of phenomenology. The location of this research in the watershed Solo downstream section, namely in Tuban and Lamongan, East Java. Subject or research informants include people who suffered flood and as key informants are local community leaders. Techniques acquire data through observation, interviews, and documentation. Technical analysis of the data using an interactive model. The results showed that the flood disaster solo watershed can lead to: First, the social adaptation in the form of the "taxi boat", rebuilding public facilities and vital cooperation "three-party" government-society-social institutions, joined by close relatives, and helping each other which implies social solidarity. Second, the cultural adaptation in the form of: performing "antru tradition" of building a floating building used jointly by the flood victims, mutual sharing of essential supplies, conduct "autumn mountain" to create a "flood way", do "tahlilan"/”istighosa” or “prayers together”. This activity implies that in the face of floods can build a "closeness" with fellow human beings and God. It appears that these research findings differ from previous research findings, which previous research has never reveal deeply that floods can build social solidarity and build closeness to God. In other words, social-cultural changes of adaptation not just "involution" but also "evolution" in line with the knowledge, social-cultural and community relegiusities.
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Journal of Educational and Social Research ISSN 2239-978X(Print) ISSN 2240-0524(Online)
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