Multidimensional Poverty in Côte d'Ivoire: A Measure by the Fuzzy Set Theory

Patrick Franklin Kouassi, Anderson Stéphane Seka


Poverty is a complex concept, whose multidimensional aspect in Côte d’Ivoire. We rely on the Study of Living Standards (LSMS. 2008) allows us to understand the phenomenon by an approach of fuzzy sets. The results show that by measuring the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) 45.36% of Ivoirians are structurally poor households in 2008, with differences at the departmental level, the place of residence and gender of household head, and at the nine (9) dimensions. Furthermore, examination of one-dimensional poverty indices by dimension contributing to the state of household deprivation, shows different profiles. This implies that strategies of poverty reduction cannot rely on a single instrument, or to cover a single area, but must use a set of measures affecting its different dimensions.

DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2017.v8n1p139

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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)

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