Noun Valences, Noun Head and its Satellites
Our work consists on the valence of noun . We will of course remain on Tesnier’s theory of valence, on the form it has nowadays, after uninterrupted developments. For our analysis it is essential the difference between the levels of valences. We will operate with different concepts, such as: semantic valence and syntactic valence. That’s a known phenomenon and described through the grammar of valence. On each occasion it will be operated even with other levels of valence phenomenon, as for example: logic level, pragmatic level, semantic role levels. The existence of nominal valence, especially the valence of certain nominal classes, in terms of opening new places, is now admitted by different authors in the syntax field. It is also admitted that syntactic realization of arguments (complements) is different for nouns and verbs. So, you can’t use in the same form the complements of verbs at the relevant verbal nouns: help her, or help for her. In my general opinion it is known that only nouns deriving from verbs which save in their semantic as a component the idea of verbal process have valences. Similarly, some nous deriving from adjectives have valences. However, not all the nouns derived from verbs or adjectives have valences. Our work will deal with a group of nouns which, even though not verbal or adjectival, have valence. Such are: road (road to Rome), nouns that indicate kinship connection, nouns that indicate human body parts etc. Our paper will describe issues such as: •Noun valence types; •the connection between semantic roles in verbs and verbal nouns; •Syntax-formal realisation of semantic roles of verbal noun
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Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies ISSN 2281 3993(Print) ISSN 2281-4612(Online)
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