Factors Limiting Female Access to Science Related Programmes in Technical Training Institutions in Nyanza Region, Kenya

George Ochieng Ohanya, Jack Odongo Ajowi

Abstract


The low enrolment of female students in science related courses in tertiary institutions in Kenya has been in the public domain for some time and it is of concern to education policy makers. Women’s equal enrolment with their male counterparts in science related courses is key to drive Kenya’s Vision 2030. This initiative aimed at making the country a newly industrializing middle income country by providing high quality life for all its citizens. The purpose of the study therefore was to determine factors which influence female access to science related programs in technical training institutions in Nyanza Region, Kenya. The specific objectives of the study were to: determine the enrolment failures of female compared to male in science related courses; assess factors which influence female access to science related programs and determine factors that can promote female access to science related programs. The related literature reviewed has revealed that there is low enrolment of female students in public technical training institutions in Nyanza Region. The conceptual framework adapted to guide the study showed that there are several conditions which need to be put in place to enable female enrolment in science related programs to be at par with male students’ enrolment in technical training institutions. Ex-post facto research design was used to carry out the study in public technical training institutions in Nyanza Region, Kenya. The study population involved 2,200 male and eight hundred (800) female students enrolled in science related courses, forty (40) Heads of Departments and eight (8) Principals in public technical training institutions in Nyanza Region, Kenya. The study used stratified sampling technique to sample both male and female students according to their years of study. The study further used simple random sampling technique to sample 30% of male and female students from their strata. On the other hand, the study also used purposive sampling technique to sample forty (40) Heads of Departments and eight (8) Principals for the study. Questionnaires and interview schedules were be used to collect data from the respondents. The instruments were validated by experts in the School of Education at Bondo University College and their comments were used to construct the final instruments. To ensure reliability of the instruments, the researcher piloted the instruments in two public technical training institutions; this helped to remove ambiguity, questions that were not soliciting expected results and those that were repeated. Questionnaires were issued to the respondents and interview schedules were conducted by the researcher. Data collected were analyzed through descriptive statistics e.g. content analysis, graphical analysis and qualitative analysis. Data was presented in form of tables and verbatim reporting. The study may help in formulating policies geared towards narrowing the existing inequalities in enrolment of female students in science related courses in technical training institutions; improve enrolment of girls in science related courses in technical institutions and may also contribute knowledge in the field of gender equality where further research on gender issues were be recommended by this study.

DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2015.v4n1p355


Full Text: PDF

Licenza Creative Commons
This work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies ISSN 2281 3993(Print) ISSN 2281-4612(Online)

Copyright © MCSER-Mediterranean Center of Social and Educational Research

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the 'mcser.org' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders..