The Impact of Economical Transition in Human Resources Development in Kosovo Enterprises

Ariana Xhemajli, Alma Shehu Lokaj

Abstract


During the globalization process, countries in transition have faced with different challenges in terms of adaptation in an open economy and as well as in the preparation of human resources to overpass such challenges. The innovations that brought the open economy like foreign direct investments, bringing of new technologies, new management methods, etc, have cause also problems like those in privatization process and in the management of human resources, in order to create the necessary capacities and create competitive advantages in a dynamic market. Kosovo, as one of newest countries in the world, with a centralized economy until 1999, is facing many challenges to successfully pass the long and troublesome process. The companies in Kosovo even after so many years has not find the right solution to be competitive in local and international market and one of the disadvantages is the importance that these companies give to their human resources. Another challenge is the reform in education. The new economy brings challenges that should be faced by knowledge people and this is achievable with the right and appropriate education for Kosovo market. The transition economy in Kosovo requires maximal efforts from the central government and entrepreneurs to succeed in the local and international market challenges. In this paper we will try to give some recommendations for human resources managers in Kosovo and the way they should follow to improve their skills in managing the people and face the challenges of their companies. The preparation of the new working force is depended, in a big part, from the universities and this paper will deal also with some issues regarding the problems presented in the university’s program on human resources management. The methodology is based on qualitative and comparative secondary dates and a critical analysis has been done to highlight the problems in developing human resources in Kosovo. The reason why is chosen this methodology is to compare the developing of HR in Kosovo with other in transition countries.

DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2015.v4n1s1p41


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This work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies ISSN 2281 3993(Print) ISSN 2281-4612(Online)

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