Social mobility in globalization circumstances

Hasan Jashari

Abstract


In recent years in Macedonia, there has been an accelerated social stratification. The lower stratum population is constantly increasing. Laeken poverty indicators based on the Survey on Income and Living Conditions (2010) the at-risk-of-poverty-rate for unemployed persons is 50.6%, while the at-risk-of-poverty-rate for employed persons is 9.9%. The pluralism of the ‘90s began with the ideals for equal opportunities but people are now desperate and they are struggling with their own illusions. Despite the fact that many are experiencing vertical mobility, this is more a result of changes in the employment structure rather than the existence of a high level of equal opportunities. On the other hand, globalization is urging geographical mobility at large, and this makes young generations migrate in larger cities and more developed countries. The inequalities between people are becoming more evident especially the new lifestyle of the rich stratum of the society such as politicians, businesspersons, real estate owners and traders. This paper deals with issues that concern movements of entire generations based on their education level and jobs they perform, in externally highly influenced environments. Women in Macedonia are increasingly enrolling at universities and this makes them competent for many professions. However, statistical indicators show that they are not yet present enough in managerial positions in various different institutions or on the highly paid jobs lists. The salary in Macedonia are low. Blau and Duncan (2005) assert the importance of mobility for understanding modern industrial society, particularly its stratified character Through statistical data, we will attempt to prove the above-mentioned approaches.

DOI: 10.5901/ajis.2015.v4n2s2p150


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Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies ISSN 2281 3993(Print) ISSN 2281-4612(Online)

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