Richard Wagner’s Parsifal at Bayreuth and 21st Century in the World: From the Viewpoint “Mitleid (Compassion)” using Interdisciplinary Studies

Takao Kawanishi


Parsifal(1882-) also called Bühnenweihfestspiel is known as Richard Wagner’s Opera concerning about Legend of Holy Grail’s Knight in Europe, and that Parsifal had become the final work of Wagner’s life and been completed at Bayreuth in Germany at last and played on for the first time and decided Bayreuther Festspielhaus as the only place by his testiment at that time. The aforementioned, I will point out that Bayreuth had historically the Legend of Holy Grail’s Knight in Europe to draw Wagner’s Parsifal to Land of Bayreuth, especially the time of Bayreuther Markgraf G.Wilhelm, and next Markgraf Friedlich and Markgräfin Wilhelmine in 18th century. Beside, after the Second World War, this Parsifal with sprit of Mitleid(Compasstion) is alive and evolves even nowadays. And I state by using Interdisciplinary Studies such as history, literature, religion, geography and cross-culture or mysticism that these Essences of Parsifal are not Germanic Hero like propaganda of Nazis era but mutual understanding, sympathy, and cooperation such as Mitleid on human being around the world.

DOI: 10.5901/ajis.2013.v2n9p361

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Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies ISSN 2281 3993(Print) ISSN 2281-4612(Online)

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