The Usage of Some Names of Plants

Haredin Xhaferi

Abstract


The lexicon of any language consists of units with a closed structure (words) and units with a phrase structure, that by the meaning are equivalent to the word. The latter are used with the words, without substituting them. This category also includes names of plants with a phrase structure. These structures have named different plants, on the basis of their specific characteristics and features. They constitute a special category that lies in the word boundaries and the phraseological phrase as well. This article will discuss this phenomenon. They are units consisting of two members, which are same or different lexico - grammatical categories. One of the elements in these structures has lost its basic meaning and to the whole unit is given another meaning. This paper treats the structures with nouns, that are interdependent. The second nouns is in the accusative case or in the indefinite resultative case . Today's trend of these structures is providing them as a single word. This is noticed even in the explanatory dicitionaries of albanian language, in which these units are reflected in two forms: as words and as phrases. These phrases are of phraseological character, but are included in terminologic phrases, that stand in between free phrases and phraseological ones. The phenomenan of providing one word is more possible in the structures whose second noun is in the accusative case and between their members are set similarity relationships. In these structures the use of the second noun in the indefinite resultative case or in the definite genitive is not right. The units whose second noun is in the resultative case, can be provided as one word, due to the semantic relations between them (of interdependence, of belonging to each other) and the use of the indefinite resultative case flection.

DOI: 10.5901/jesr.2013.v3n2p367


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Journal of Educational and Social Research ISSN 2239-978X(Print) ISSN 2240-0524(Online)

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