Bullying Phenomenon: Perceptions of Elementary School Students

Ledia Kashahu (Xhelilaj), Jozef Bushati, Haxhire Osmani

Abstract


This study is quantitative by his nature and aims to deep knowledge about the phenomenon in the context of Albania's bullying, based on the reports of 230 students from low cycle of 9-year school of Durres District. The purpose of this study is to explore students' perceptions of themselves in some aspects as: a) why some students fall victim's bullying; b) in which the school environment with many behaviors occur bullying; c) what are the attitudes of the spectators of this phenomenon and d) whether there is a gender difference for victims’ bullying. To achieve these goals the study were randomly selected 6 schools in the Durres District, and in them are randomly selected but were stratified 121 girls and 109 boys of grades 5-6, who reported via an adjusted instrument from their literature perceptions. The collected data were processed with SPSS, which were carried out mainly descriptive analysis, and coretional analysis. The study revealed that there are many reasons why students fall victim of bullying behavior, but are foremost due to the origin of the families, the ways in which students dress, lack of athletic skills, and being overweight. Bullying acts occur more often when there are not teachers in the classroom, in school hallways and during entrances - exits in school. Nearly 1 in 3 students tend to report to adults that if they are present when these behavior occur, whether 1 in 4 students results that see, what happen without becoming part with bully, and 1 in 5 students try to stop's bullying. In addition, it was found that there are not gender differences in terms of victimization and aggression. The authors also discussed several ways in accordance with Albanian contexts ban is bullying in schools.

DOI: 10.5901/jesr.2014.v4n4p0480


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Journal of Educational and Social Research ISSN 2239-978X(Print) ISSN 2240-0524(Online)

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