Interior Environmental Design for a Leisure Learning Area in the National Gallery of Thailand

Khorawan Ngamvoratham, Thanin Ratanaolarn, Jitjayang Yamabhai, Songwut Aekwutwongsa


The aim of this research study was to design and assess the design of the interior environment for a leisure learning area in the National Gallery of Thailand. The study used a combined quantitative and qualitative methodologies: interviewing the curator, 2 staff members, and the executive director of the National Gallery of Thailand; a physical survey of areas in the gallery; and a questionnaire survey of users’ preferences of art activity area. The survey of users’ preferences was conducted with a sample group of 600 potential users who were randomly and systematically sampled from a population of first-year students majoring in applied arts in several governmentally-supported universities in Bangkok. The obtained data on the designs that were based on the concept of functional and aesthetic design and a ‘circumplex model of affect’ in cognitive theory were analyzed accordingly. The preliminary designs were three arrangement patterns of environmental elements that provided positive stimuli: 1) a pattern for low level of stimuli; 2) one for moderate level; and 3) one for high level of stimuli. These patterns are illustrated in this paper as a layout plan and 3 computer-generated 3D perspectives that were assessed by 10 design experts on a 1-5 Likert rating scale. The means and standard deviations achieved by the 3 patterns indicated that the patterns for medium level and high level of stimuli was of a very high quality with X ̅=4.5, SD = 0.14 and X ̅=4.59, SD = 0.19, respectively. In other words, both patterns were active, functional, aesthetically-pleasing, and proper overall designs for the environmental interior of the intended area in the National Gallery of Thailand.

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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)

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