The Causes of the Balkan Wars 1912-1913 and their Impact on the International Relations on the Eve of the First World War

Edit Bregu

Abstract


The Balkan Wars of the 1912-1913 are the most important event in the history of the Balkan people and beyond. They are composed of a series sharp and bloody conflicts that swept Eastern Europe in the recent years. During the First Balkan War, the Ottoman Empire fought the united alliance of the Balkan states which included Bulgaria, Greece, Montenegro and Serbia. During the Second Balkan War, Bulgaria fought the coalition of Greece, Montenegro, Serbia, Romania and the Ottoman Empire. If we talk about the origins of the war, we must emphasize that the situation of the Balkan wars at the time and especially the situation that followed, was very alike to the conditions that existed before the Turks came to Europe. At that time, both during and after the Balkan Wars, the Christian states constantly fought against each other for hegemony in the peninsula. But in terms of international relations of the time it should be noted that since the end of XVIIIth century Paris, London, Vienna and St. Petersburg had a special operational plan for dealing with the problems in the East. For the more serious and real judgment we should also see the impact and performance of the situations and events in the Balkans, with the new changes in the geopolitics of the European continent, at least since the early nineteenth century and the credit for this goes to the European Concert (1815).

DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2013.v4n9p115


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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)

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