Unemployment in Kosovo in the Last Ten Years 2002-2012

Besnik Desku, Behrije Ramaj

Abstract


Unemployment is defined as by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) as people who do not have a job, have actively looked for work in the past four weeks, and are currently available for work. Also, people who were temporarily laid off and are waiting to be called back to that job are included in the unemployment statistics. Those who have not looked for work within the past four weeks are not only no longer counted among the unemployed, they are also removed from the labor force by the BLS. Most people leave the labor force when they retire, go to school, have a disability that keeps them from working, or have family responsibilities. However, even people who would like to work are excluded if they aren't actively looking for work. Unemployment is an important statistic used by the government to gauge the health of the economy. If unemployment gets too high (around 6% or more), the government will try to stimulate the economy and create jobs. This paper will address the causes of unemployment in the region of Kosovo, Nationally, unemployment is caused when the economy slows down, and businesses are forced to cut costs by reducing payroll expenses. Unemployment can also be caused by competition in specific industries or companies. Advanced technology, such as computers or robots, cause unemployment by replacing worker tasks with machines. The study will be carried out in the region of Kosovo. It will also have its basis in a series of data from various institutions Kosovos. We will deliver questionnaires citizens to know arysen why are not employed and are still waiting to be changes in this respect. Will develop research for finding new programs for the elimination of unemployment. This paper investigates how macroeconomic policy shocks in Kosovo affect the total unemployment and provides evidence on the differential responses of the unemployment by sectors of economic activity. Will present the results of which sector is the largest number of unemployed in the region of Kosovo, which is the strategy of the Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Trade and transport to alleviate unemployment.In this paper we present a model of countries in the region that has applied a macroeconomic policy for reducing unemployment.

DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2013.v4n10p191


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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)

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