Policy Implementation and Impact Review: A Case of MGNREGA in India

Arsalan Ali Farooquee


Amid rising concerns of fiscal deficit and defying the advocates of rural-urban migration, the Union government of India has remained committed to its flagship social program known as Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS). Launched in the year 2006, it is the largest social scheme of its kind anywhere in the world. In the financial year 2012-13 alone, more than 48 million people were provided employment under the scheme. While the scheme has shown positive results in many districts of the country, it is also facing its share of challenges on economic, managerial and political fronts. Qualitative measure gives a better insight into the success of social schemes like MGNREGA. However we should also have a comprehensive quantitative measure for the same. In this paper, we develop a methodology to measure the success of implementation of Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) in different states of India and also look at some of the factors correlated to the comparative success of states. We also discuss some of the key features of the scheme from the point of view of policy making decisions.

DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2013.v4n13p367

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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)

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