Problems of Sustainable Energy in sub-Saharan Africa and Possible Solutions

Fortune Ganda, Collins C Ngwakwe

Abstract


This paper examines the problems of promoting sustainable energy in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and suggests possible solutions. Using current literature, the major problems identified are: continued employment of fossil fuel subsidies; presence of monopoly structures in the energy sectors; regulatory and macroeconomic risks in sustainable energy schemes; large capital required to fund sustainable schemes; high transaction costs; low carbon risk and negative social impacts. The solutions identified are that countries must employ renewable energy targets; deploy feed-in tariffs; integrate Clean Development Mechanisms (CDMs); phase out monopoly power utilities; seek external assistance; introduce tax incentives; increase independent power producers and expand Rural Electrification Programmes.

DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2014.v5n6p453


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This work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)

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