Emergency Preparedness and Response to Ibadan Flood Disaster 2011: Implications for Wellbeing
Purpose –This paper aims to investigate the emergency preparedness and response to Ibadan 2011 Flood Disaster in Oyo State, Nigeria. This is with a view to derive recommendations for improving preparedness for emergency situations to reduce impact of disaster and providing prompt response to victims. Design/Methodology/Approach – Both qualitative and quantitative methods were utilised to collect the data analysed in this research. Key informant interviews were conducted using open ended questions with participants from National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA), Oyo State Emergency Management Agency (SEMA), Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NIMET) and other stakeholders. The survey made use of questionnaires to collect primary data for the quantitative aspect. Triangulation of the data collected was done to enhance credibility. Findings- The respondents agreed that the flood disaster was caused by acts of man and nature. Also the affected community in Ibadan were not effectively informed to enable them prepare. for the flood disaster by the state emergency agencies due to financial constraints and ineffective communication system. Although the various emergency agencies within the state and the country fairly responded when the flood occurred, the disaster could not be managed due to lack of adequately trained personnel for response and rescue operation and inadequate equipment for rescue operation. Flood disaster can often cause short-term or long-term disruptions within the family which could change the lives of family members dramatically and negatively impact the family members’ wellbeing. Recommendations were suggested to the public and to the appropriate authorities. Originality value – This study established the gap in preparedness and poor response to disaster and provides recommendations. Flood affects and displaces more people than any other disaster either naturally induced or man-made in Nigeria. It also causes more damage to properties and disrupts businesses. Flood disaster has negative implications on the wellbeing of affected people in the community, society and on the nation as a whole.
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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)
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