The Effect of Using Anticipation Guide Strategy on Iranian EFL Learners’ Comprehension of Culturally Unfamiliar Texts

Mona Roozkhoon, Elham Rahmani Samani


This study investigated the effect of employing anticipation guide as a prereading strategy on EFL learners’ comprehension. 40 intermediate female learners were participated in the present study. All participants were native speakers of Persian. They were divided into two groups: Group one (n=20) as the experimental group and group two (n=20) as the control one. The experimental group received treatments but control group did not receive any treatments. First, the participants were given a pretest to check their comprehension before the treatments. Then, all participants learned reading sections in their instructional book (summit 1A). Group 1 learned reading sections through application of anticipation guide strategy as a prereading strategy and group 2 learned reading sections in the traditional way. Finally, the researcher used the posttest in order to evaluate students’ reading ability after using strategies. The posttest items were the same as the pretest. The results showed that using anticipation guide had positive effect on Iranian EFL learners’ comprehension of culturally unfamiliar texts. This study encourages instructors to construct authentic environment in educational settings through employing beneficial strategies in an efficient manner in their instructional schedules.

DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2013.v4n6p127

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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)

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