A Garch Model Test of The Random Walk Hypothesis: Empirical Evidence from The Platinum Market
The paper investigates whether there are periods when platinum prices follow the random walk process (weak-form efficient) and periods when they deviate from the random walk theory (mean reversion). Monthly log returns of platinum prices are examined using the Augmented Dickey-Fuller test (ADF) and a GARCH model with time-varying properties. A GARCH model with time-varying properties is able to capture periods when the random walk theory may be true and periods when it may be false. This study confirms the existence of random walk for platinum prices over the period January 1970 to May 2012. From the year 1999 to the year 2010, the drift parameter is positive and statistically significant. Therefore, the platinum market is regarded as weak-form efficient.
This work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)
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