The “Fourth Wave” of Democratization and the Difficult Balance between “Transitology” and Area Studies

Marco Cilento

Abstract


The process of regime change that has taken place since 1991 in the post-Soviet space, combined with the phenomena that occurred later in the Balkans and Mediterranean Africa have undermined the certainties of the supporters of transitology. Nevertheless, some scholars have suggested a “fourth wave” of democratization. There has therefore been a revival of the debate between two analytical approaches: an approach to standardizing (transitology) and another approach to individualizing (area studies). The paper explores the strength and weakness of both interpretative schemes.

DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2014.v5n16p658


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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)

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