Assessment of World Heritage List Nominations under Country Profile of Turkey

Perihan Paksoy


World Heritage List is a vital symbol for States to prove their cultural and natural properties nominated by the three Advisory Bodies of the World Heritage Convention (ICCROM, ICOMOS, IUCN) and the World Heritage Centre. Not only the selected property becomes a flagship for the national protected area, being nominated also encourages the states to provide better techniques for protection, conservation and management. Turkey ratified the World Heritage Convention in 1983. Three properties were nominated initially in 1985. Even though approximately 30 years have passed since 1983, there have been only 11 properties inscribed on the World Heritage List. While comparing the other countries representation on the list, Turkey seems to be presented with a fewer number of properties until now. The researcher with this starting point aimed to analyze the World Heritage List Nomination historical process and complementary policies of Turkey. The method of the study is based upon interviews and documentary monitoring. Interviews with the chairman of UNESCO Turkish National Commission Prof. Dr. Öcal Oğuz and sector experts have been carried out. As a result of these studies, the researcher has identified three major problem areas on the implementation process of World Heritage List. From the findings, it can be concluded that improved site management, well-developed links with ICOMOS, IUCN, ICCROM in coordination with their experts, and offering a property for nomination with an integrated approach including a wider stakeholder perspective, a wider region and perspective could increase the number of the properties nominated in the prospective period.

DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2014.v5n13p307

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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)

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