Selected Aspects of the Property Rights Regime in Slovenia in the Context of the EU
Slovenia is member of the EU since 1.5.2004. It was an ex Republic of the Yugoslav federation that declared its independence on 25.6.1991. Slovene territory was part of the empire of Franks from 8th century then of the German empire till 1804 and Austrian empire till 1918. North-eastern part was part of Hungarian state and its successors from 9th century till 1918. Western part of Slovenia was part of Italy between 1918 and 1943. Slovenia became part of the Kingdom of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs from 1914/1929. After World War II it became part of Yugoslavia and its socalist legal system. The socialist legal system that was implemented in Slovenia as in all Republics of the Yugoslav federation was based in the building of state property, which was created by massive confiscations of the property of the so called collaborators in 1945 and then by three nationalization periods which took place between 1945 and 1956. After a difficult economic period, the Yugoslaw state implemented the new system of socialist self management, which meant that workers fullfill directly or equally their social-, economic- and self-administering rights, and decide on issues dealing with the socio-economic situation of the enterprise. This legal system was also based in the building of state and social Property. In the late 80's an ideological, political, economic system disintegrated and in Slovenia as in all countries of Eastern Europe, democracy, free market economy and the rule of law, based on private property and free market economy were the foundation of the transformation. In this context this paper analyzes the transformation that took place in the property rights regime in Slovenia in a legal view in compliance with EU law.
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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)
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