Determinants of International Migration in Pakistan

Muhammad Farooq, Shahnaz Tariq, Firdous Ghulzar, Faria Ibad Mirza, Fara Riaz

Abstract


This study was designed to examine the determinants of international migration which were inspired/compelled the people of lower wages countries to higher wages countries in order to improve their socio-economic status at origin. The movement of labor from agricultural and sick industrial sectors is a universal phenomenon which is affiliated of economic modernization and development. Traditional migration models overlook many potential interactions between migration and development. In Pakistani society, the poor economic opportunities, resources inequality and demographic behaviour are the main determinants of international migration. The main objective of this study was to explore the relationship between the Socio-economic status of the respondents and determinants of international migration. The present study was carried out in Faisalabad cit and four Tehsils of Faisalabad District (Faisalabad, Jaranwala, Thandlianwala and Samundri). Both the urban and rural areas were consisted of eight circle areas from the city and eight villages from four tehsiles. Basic census was done by the researcher to draw the sample. Six hundred respondents were interviewed from eight circle areas of the city and eight villages from four tehsiles. Probit model technique proved that individuals from less resources communities were migrated to Middle East and European countries in order to improve their household income.

DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2014.v5n20p2028


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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)

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