Dental Health in Children and Adolescents with Somatic Pathology

N. Bozhbanbayeva, D. Atezhanov, T. Supiyev

Abstract


A complex clinical and instrumental evaluation is performed among 1347 children and adolescents with somatic pathology; physical development retardation is established in 61% and sexual development retardation – in 26%. Among various somatic diseases, ENT-diseases (96%), gastrointestinal (83%), central nervous system (72%), urogenital tract (72%), hepatobiliary system (71%) and other diseases were found. In children and adolescents with somatic pathology, dental diseases are occured in 40,6±0,42% cases. The most common were dental caries (90,1%), periodontal diseases (68,3%), and dentofacial abnormalities (41,6%). The low hygienic status of the oral cavity was established (HI=2,4± 0,28). Dental health in children and adolescents with somatic pathology was 59,4±0,60%, which is lower than in almost normal children by 12,7% and age-related normal values by 22%.

DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2014.v5n20p2671


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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)

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