The Experiences and Perceptions of “amakrwala” (Graduated Initiates) towards the Traditional Male Circumcision Practice in Eastern Cape, South Africa
“Ubukrwala” (being a graduated initiate) is regarded as the crucial stage in the initiation ritual among the Xhosa adolescent males in the Eastern Cape, South Africa, as a passage to manhood. The present study sought to explore the experiences and perceptions of amakrwala towards the traditional male circumcision practice in Nkonkobe Municipality, Alice. Many scholars identified the following factors as primary contributory factors leading to traditional male circumcision: culture, respect from the community, participation in traditional activities and moral values. A focus group interview with five male participants (who were purposively sampled), aged 16-19, was employed in this study. The results revealed that most participants reported endurance, rebirth of self-respect and responsibility. Furthermore, they emphasized that cooperation with traditional nurses was important in their healing process. The recommendations are that traditional male circumcision workshops must be organized by government.
This work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)
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