THE SPECIFICS OF CHILDREN’S LITERATURE IN THE CONTEXT OF GENRE CLASSIFICATION

Mirjana Stakić

Abstract


Establishing clear and sharp boundaries between children's literature and adult literature intended recipients is difficult if we restrict ourselves only to the evaluation of cosmetic and internal cognitive value of literary texts, as many children literary with pleasure can be read by both children and adults, while literary texts intended for adult readers, children can't fully understand. Age and intellectual, emotional and moral maturity reader directly imposes some specific features that must have and meet children's literature intended audience. In this paper, analytical and synthetic structuralist method, for examples in European literature, we examine the specifics of children's literature in the light of the genre classifications are caused by a particular type of literary purpose layer reader. We consider them in terms of themes, motifs and selection of literary characters. Subject in Children's Literature is at the advantages of form, language and ways of artistic material. Literary text has to be interesting to children and to respond to their large and diverse interests, so that children's literature is characterized by large thematic richness and layers. Attract the attention of children and impressive carved figures presented in their descriptions prevail portraits of psychological dimension of personality. Tests peculiarities of the composition of literary works aimed at children show its simplicity and the dominance of the actions and characters in action. Children's temperament is dynamic and can't draw slow and long story filled with meditative reflections and the outcome that occurs after digression delay. Research poetic language literary testimony of the children in the limelight clarity, a simplified form and the non-use of specific stylistic techniques, hard to understand symbols, metaphors and allusions, but this would not mean an absence of emotion, it is a literary statement that is both scenic and sensitive. Literature for children thematically, stylistically and structurally adapted to the intellectual, emotional and mental capabilities of children's reception and as such is an integral part of the overall literary art that is created and shaped within the general laws of literary poetics.

DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2014.v5n19p243


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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)

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