Prediction of Psychosocial Adjustment Using Psychological Wellbeing and Coping Strategies in Patients Suffering from Lymphoma Cancer and Leukemia

Laila Khalighi Delavar, Fahimeh Rahmati, Mina Asgari Parvar, Nila Pour Darsaraie

Abstract


The present research tries to predict psychosocial adjustment based on psychological wellbeing and coping strategies in patients suffering from Lymphoma cancer and Leukemiain Tehran, Karaj and Rasht Cities. This research was conducted in 2013 and 2014. Using accessible sampling method, 200 patients who suffered from Lymphoma cancer and Leukemia (93 cancer patients and 107 Leukemia patients) were selected. In order to evaluate research variables, psychosocial adjustment questionnaire in chronic patients, Reef's psychological wellbeing questionnaire and Andler&Parker's questionnaire of coping strategies in stressful conditions were used. Multivariate regression analysis revealed that task-oriented coping strategies predict 14% of variations in psychosocial adjustment, emotion-oriented coping strategies predict 26% and avoidant coping strategies predict 23% and psychological wellbeing predicts 24% of variations in psychosocial adjustment variable. According to the results of the research, it can be said that task-oriented coping strategies and psychological wellbeing act like a dampener against stressful factors and chronic diseases. Moreover, psychological wellbeing acts as a positive factor in cancer patients and improves their psychosocial adjustment.

DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2014.v5n20p3123


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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)

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