Surveying Impulsivity, Anxiety, and Depression Using Hypnotism-Therapy Psychodynamics, and Cognitive-Behavioristic Therapy (Case Study: Women with Psychosomatic Disorder)
Introduction: psychodynamics disorders result in inabilities and abnormality of social and individual activities; which in fact lead to incoherency with the environment. In addition to physical symptoms, the disorders are featured with mental aspects that have great effects on personal life. Therefore, along with diagnosing and treating the disorders, a need to deal with the problems caused by the disorder through adopting proper treatments is felt. Methodology: the study was conducted by comparing the impact of hypnotism therapy, psychodynamics, and cognitive-behavioral treatments on some of the cognitive parameters such as anxiety and depression among women suffering from psychosomatic disorder (Migraine headache – vascular dilation). The study design was semi-experimental (pretest and posttest) with control group. Results: the results revealed that anxiety and depression level in the two treatment groups in posttest and follow up stages were significantly lower than those of the control group. In addition, in comparing the two treatment methods, hypnotism therapy psychodynamics led to more reduction in the psychological parameters after the treatments. Conclusion: both treatment methods led to reduction of depression and anxiety among women suffering from migraine headache. Moreover, hypnotism therapy psychodynamics were more influential in reducing the psychological parameters compared with cognitive-behavioral treatment. Results from follow up stage also uncovered that the two treatment methods had favored effects three months after the treatments.
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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)
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