An Adaptive Man: Hardiness Resources In the Conditions of System Crises at the Turn of the XIX-XX and the XX- XXI Centuries

Nadezhda V. Lipatova, Valentina B. Salakhova, Tatyana A. Chertushkina, Svetlana V. Ermolayeva, Irina V. Mikhaylova, Olga Yu. Shrol, Sergey V. Panteleev

Abstract


Importance of the studied problem is caused by the need of investigating a prompt and many-sided transformation of the personality in the conditions of the crisis era. Globalization and a mass scale migration process that provoked interaction of norms of traditional and information societies. The purpose of the article is a complex retrospective analysis of ecological and biological, social and psychological indicators of the personality’s hardiness in the context of society transformation at the turn of the XIX-XX centuries and the XX-XXI centuries in the conditions of the Post-Soviet transition. Such cross-disciplinary analysis of psychology, history, cultural anthropology, pedagogics, ecology – gives an opportunity to develop algorithms of increasing efficiency of the human capital and to increase quality of health improving technologies and mechanisms of increasing the personality’s hardiness. The leading approach in research of such complicated process is a complex retrospective analysis on the basis of interdisciplinary and integrative approaches. It is such approach to a research problem that has been realized in this article. The result of it is systematization of ecological and biological, social and psychological hardiness markers of the individual in the conditions of society transformation; the analysis of components of social competence of the personality at the personal and behavioural levels and major factors of adaptation of the personality in the conditions of the catching-up development of Russian society, and also psychological, traditional and historical and ecological aspects of the person’s development in the conditions of a crisis era on an example. Materials of the article can be useful for working out adaptation technologies and techniques for migrants, for work in the social and educational sphere, in the centers of psychological assistance. It is possible to develop the content of the expert system on the basis of the designated criteria in the long term.

DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2015.v6n2s3p136


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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)

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