Symmetry and Rhythm in the Art
The article is devoted to the notion “archetype”, “symmetry”, “rhythm” and their correlation with the method of structural analysis of the graphic composition. Analyzing the artistic compositions, the authors consider the archetype as a structural-substantial invariant, and symmetry as the universal operational principle. Considering the artistic images, the authors state the concrete examples of compositional decisions. Visual appearance of an illustrated object is revealed in a spatial composition structure. Along with it, in fine arts iconic monuments are represented in concave shape of three-dimensional modality. In this very case, traditional semiotic coding of three-dimensional space is a particular conventional meaning with systematically denoted visual perception. While analyzing a picture the modality must be considered. Turning to the concept of symmetry, formed in modern art history, it is stated that symmetry-asymmetry aspect occurs in all systems, which characterize the universe: as in science, so as in art. The concept of symmetry is a reality and beauty, as well as a creator of harmony. Symmetric elements - rectangle, circle, S-shaped forms are the manifests of a primary tectonic principle: rhythmic repetitions of the spatial structure are conscious copies of spatio-temporal environment. They are universal forms, archetypes.
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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)
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