Using Social Holistic Approach in Working with Children who are in the War Zone
Since beginning of the century to the present day, especially in Asia, Africa and Latin American countries in particular, the conflict violent and war still continues in many parts of the world. These events have a devastating effect to the whole communities. But children as silent victims, during and after these events are exposed to all kinds of neglect, abuse, death and human rights violations represent a major victimization. Living in conflict and violent environment is a tragic event for children and living in this environment, has negative effects on children's physical and psychosocial development. Many disciplines contribute to reduce or eliminate these negative effects. However, social work as distinct from other disciplines has multi-level interventions in order to find a solution to the problem at individual and community levels, as well as national and international level by using a holistic approach to reduce or eliminate the effects of violence and conflict on children. The social worker in this case of such conflict and violence and in particular to carry out work with children required to have special knowledge and skills. These interventions to protect children during and after the conflict realized by using various different skills. Gradually, provide services to children in safe places such as food, drink and services eliminate health problems, in accordance with protect the rights of children in conflict and violence. In the second stage; provide rehabilitation services to children who have been exposed to or witnessed violence and conflict events, lost one of their family members, who entered prison and lived in worst conditions and crippled. The third stage is the stage of the reconciliation. At this stage, social worker plays the role of mediator and prepares the ground for reconciliation to protect children on both sides of the conflict and violence. In this paper, will discuss how to implement interventions to address this issue with discusses Palestinian children, who are living on violence and conflict environment since many years as an example.
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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)
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