Human Phenomenon in Philosophical Anthropology

Peter A. Ponomarev, Natalia A. Zakharchenko, Vadim P. Ponomarev


This article discusses the basic concepts that define the nature and destiny of man, which took place in the development of philosophical thought. An overview of the characteristics of the person occupies an important place proposed by thinkers of Eastern philosophy and antiquity. Particular attention is paid to the cosmocentric concept that man is an integral part of cosmic unity and at the same time, thanks to the creative beginning, the universe converter. It is noted that in the Middle Ages religious understanding of human nature dominated. A man was seen as a unity of spirit, body and soul. Important in this period was the discovery of man's inner world. In the Renaissance was approved a new understanding of man. It is considered as an active subject of external and internal – his own nature (mind, soul). The man himself determines his destiny in accordance with his will and desires.

DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2015.v6n3s1p544

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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)

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