Analysis of General Factors for Formation of Engineering and Scientific-and-Technological Staff
The paper is dedicated to analysis of general factors for formation of engineering and scientific-and-technological staff in the Russian Federation and also to modeling of one of them. In the work there are six objective factors: economic status of country and labour market state, scientific and technical policy, political and legal situation, globalization and international differentiation of labor, financial standing of population, and state of educational system. The analysis of dynamics of number of specialists of higher qualification level in area of natural and technical sciences witnesses increasing attraction of engineers to economy of the country and strengthening of their positions on labour market. In this connection the task of own production development and support of the branches, which are not belong to primary production, appear to be one of the most important for future economic development. Despite acute need of economy for engineering and technical workers, many of them, as researches show, feel socially unprotected. One of the main factors for formation of engineering and scientific-and-technological staff is the educational system, while one of the main stages is the training in graduate school. To model this process the present work uses the functional modeling methodology that is also known as Structured Analysis and Design Technique (SADT). As a result of SADT-modeling using four general processes of formation of engineering and scientific-and-technological staff were distinguished: (1) collaboration with branch research institutes; (2) specialized companies integration; (3) creation of interdepartmental complexes for realization of cross-disciplinary projects; (4) execution of cross-disciplinary projects and making of master's thesis. The goal of the first project is the formation of magistrand’s competences linked to carrying-out of work scientific and research and developmental works. The goal of the second process is the formation of magistrand’s competences linked to competences linked to manufacturing activity of corresponding branch. The third process is aimed at the formation of academic, regulatory and organizational provision and realization of cross-disciplinary projects. The goal of the last process is the execution of cross-disciplinary projects by magistrands and making of master's thesis at the end of training in graduate school.
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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)
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