Regional Society as a Subject of Social Development

Igor Alexandrovich Guskov, Alexandr Vasilyevich Popov, Oxana Yuryevna Posukhova, Yury Yurievich Volkov

Abstract


Until now, the Russian centre and regions have not found a sustainable balance in the distribution of power, although after the collapse of the USSR and the formation of the Russian Federation there has been more than twenty years. The reasons appear, at first, to be the asymmetry of the Federation and the Constitution, founded on the concepts accepted in 1993, and, secondly, on a variety of economic, social, cultural, ethnic and other differences in the regions. This indicates that the mechanisms of relationships rest on the distribution of power, on the one hand, and on the other on that the regions in its current state have not reached subjectivity, domestic economic and social independence, which is indirectly witnessed by rising debt of the regions. Debt is only a symptom of the fact that the regions either have not learned to manage efficiently the available financial resources, or regions are oriented to subsidized development model. Attempts to shift the responsibility to the centre, to distortions in the budget policy only partly explain the situation. Local societies - regions, are selected on the basis of the administrative division of the state, and, in legal terms, are the subjects of the Russian Federation and the actual place of forming the foundations of social and economic stability, cultural standards and traditions of self-regulation. They are a source of self-organizing interaction of real social communities. The conditions for the development of the real existing community are based on self-organization. There is a single point of management of the economy, politics, social, military and other spheres of government in the face of the region, its legislative, judicial and military power. This advantageously distinguishes regional socio-cultural space based on administrative - state division of larger territorial associations, and include a number of areas and edges, and autonomous republics. The article notes that the Russian regions do not act as equal and interested partners of the state in addressing regional development. The author not only raises the issue of updating the subjectivity of the region, but also proposes ways and options to strengthen the subjectivity of regional society.

DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2015.v6n3s3p223


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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)

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