Identification of Factors Affecting Employees' Empowerment in Airports of Mazandaran Province
The main target of the present research is to identify factors affecting employees' empowerment in Mazanadarn province airports. Research methodology was descriptive survey. The statistical population of the research included all employees of airports in Mazandaran Province. Based on Camery's proposal (1973), 350 people were selected by means of cluster random sampling. A researcher-made questionnaire was used for collecting data on factors affecting employees' empowerment. This questionnaire contained 44 questions which were designed based on theories and literature on empowerment. Data were analyzed by means of exploratory factor analysis. Reliability was tested by means of Cronbach's alpha (0.947). The results of principal components analysis and Varimax Rotation showed that the test is saturated with 8 factors which in general predict 62.991% of total variance. These 8 factors were significance of job, communications, job security, significance of occupational activities, organizational belonging, working environment, appreciation, and participation & group working. The final validity of the 8 factors was also estimated.
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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)
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