Building an Institutional Framework for Nanotechnology Industry in Russia
Russia is one of the most active investors in nanotech industry in the world. At the same time, formation of the Russian nano-industry restrains the undeveloped institutional environment and lack of an integrated approach to nano-industrial policy. In this article actual problems of institutional regulation of the nanotechnological industry in Russia are considered. The main problem of regulation of nano-industry is discrepancy of definitions and classifications of nanotechnologies. Russian nano-industrial policy has inconsistent character, it combines elements of policy of import substitution and new industrial policy. At modernization of the Program of development of nano-industry in the Russian Federation it is necessary to construct regulatory policy on the principles of new industrial policy. Differentiation of methods and instruments of support of nano-industrial firms and research organizations on the basis of the detailed classification of nanotechnologies is necessary. Strategy of development of nanotech industry has to include a complex of the segment-focused marketing strategies of development of different types of nanotechnologies and nanotechnological productions. Special value has active involvement of a wide range of stakeholders of nano-industry in dialogue with the state on minimization of barriers and increase of efficiency of generation and commercialization of innovations, strengthenings of requirements to safety and developments of voluntary institutional initiatives. Stimulation of interdisciplinary integration and interindustrial collaboration within convergence of quickly developing technologies is perspective. The complex interrelation of the directions and forms of regulation and support of nano-industry on micro, meso - and macrolevels will allow to increase efficiency of its regulation and development of national innovative system in general.
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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)
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