Criminal Justice System for Juveniles in Albania

Alfred Balla, Mirgen Prençe

Abstract


The following paper deals with the application of the criminal procedural requirements concerning the protection of minors interests (aged 14-18 years) detained , arrested and sentenced to prison in our country, compared with international nregulations governing the treatment of this level of society when it is in conflict with criminal law. Measures and guarantees the state currently provides and those to be ensured in the future against vilification, harassment, discrimination, which should consider to be offered to all juveniles of deprived freedom, regardless the cause. From the beginning should be emphasized that any standard taking place in this sector should be seen derived from those set forth in international instruments, such as the "United Nations Convention on Children Rights of 1989 "; "Standard Minimum Rules of the United Nations Administration of Juvenile Justice" (the Beijing Rules) of 1985; "United Nations Rules for the Protection of Juveniles in prison" in 1990 and "United Nations Guidelines for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency" (the Riyadh Guidelines), etc.One of the basic principles set forth by the aforementioned instruments, is that minors should be deprived of liberty except as a last resort and for the shortest time possible. How this basic principle has been applied in Albania in these 23 years of democracy? What should be done more, in this respect ? Is it the moment of the adoption of a comprehensive legal framework (code, law) specific for juveniles who are in conflict with criminal law, specifically governing the investigation, the judgment, treatment and rehabilitation of persons under investigation, accused of juvenile offenders?? By addressing and replyin to these issues by means of this article, I hope to give a modest assistance regarding the way such people should be protected and treated .

DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2015.v6n4p436


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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)

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