Identification of Perspective Transborder Clusters of Russia and Kazakhstan

Galina. A. Khmeleva, Ludmila V. Orlova, Olga A. Bulavko, Klim O. Kostromin, Sayra K. Umerbaeva

Abstract


Under conditions of globalization and political transformation of the world, a further economic, political, and cultural integration of Russia and Kazakhstan is expected. Most of the Russia’s population associate the further development of the country with the Eurasian economic community. This is not by accident. In 2012, a single economic space was created that included Russia and Kazakhstan. One of the effective tools of improvement of competitiveness of developing economies under conditions of globalization is transborder clusters. Thus, a special interest goes to identification of spheres, into which the potential clusters of Russia and Kazakhstan in transborder regions could form. That is why, using the methodology of the European cluster observatory, we shall present in this article the evaluation of the spheres in which the formation of the clusters takes place. This would clarify the consequences of scenario of stable growth and integration of economies of neighboring countries into the single economic space. One of the discoveries of this article shows that statistical evaluations prove that economies of Kazakhstan and Russia are not ready for global expansion of regional competitiveness on the basis of cluster development; there is a significant asymmetry in the structure of spheres from the perspective of formation of transborder clusters.

DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2015.v6n4s2p302


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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)

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