Cyberspace Identity Theft: The Conceptual Framework
The present age of technological advances has extended the reach of crimes into the Internet. Nevertheless, while the Internet may have led to the emergence of wholly new crimes, it has mostly brought about new ways of committing preexisting crimes. (Garner, 2000) For example, although it is often called a 21st century phenomenon, (Hoar, 2001) cyberspace identity theft is, in fact, not a new type of crime. (United Nations, Handbook on Identity Related Crime, 2011)Long before the emergence of the Internet, identity thieves stole people’s identities through dumpster diving by searching for personal identifying information such as social security and bank account numbers in the trash left outside people’s homes. The identity thief uses information relating to the identity of another person’s such as name, address, telephone number, mother’s maiden name, social security number, social insurance number, health card number, bank account information, driver’s license number and date of birth. It is stealing someone’s identity information to commit theft, fraud or other crimes.
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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)
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