A Methodical Approach to the Assessment of Economic and Social Situation of the Regions of the Russian Federation

Olga Yurevna Vorozhbit, Natalya Petrovna Pristup

Abstract


Authors developed a technique of a comparative assessment of the economic and social situation of regions of the Russian Federation. At the heart of a technique – comparison of the integral indicators calculated on regions concerning indicators of the basic analyzed region. At the first stage comparison of single indicators in groups of indicators of scale of economy, efficiency of economy, the budget sphere and social sphere is carried out, indexes on each analyzed indicator of group are calculated. At the second stage, the consolidated indexes on each group of indicators, on the third the generalizing consolidated index integrating the consolidated indexes on groups of indicators is calculated. An aggregation of socio-economic indexes and their comparison is carried out in three groups of regions of the Russian Federation: regions of the federal district, regions analogs and leading regions. The choice of regions of the federal district is caused by the importance of the development of regional donor-recipient relationships in the district. Three macroeconomic indicators determine the structure of leading regions: the amount of gross regional product, industrial output, the volume of investment in fixed capital. The number of leaders included the regions of the Russian Federation having preferential positions on all macroeconomic indicators. The choice of regions analogs is made by the form economic activity (indicators: number of the enterprises, quantity working turnovers of the organizations) and on similar socio-economic indexes. During the analysis of the calculated integral indicators, social and economic benefits of the compared regions and possibility of their application in development of the analyzed region are allocated. The empirical base made Kamchatka Territory of the Russian Federation.

DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2015.v6n5s3p49


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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)

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