The «Project Method Vs» Conventional Teaching

Eugenia Nikolaevna Gerasimova, Olga Alekseevna Savvina, Valentina Alekseevna Telkova, Roman Anatolievich Melnikov, Elena Ivanovna Trofimova

Abstract


In recent years an interest towards the ‘project method has been resumed in Russia. It was suggested by American pedagogues in the beginning of the XX century and was widely used in Soviet school in the 1920s. However, in the 1930s it was rejected. For this reason it is necessary to regard prospects for the Project Method application in the school of future having evaluated its merits and demerits in the context of modern psychological and pedagogical knowledge. As the means of psychological grounding of the project method use we review a process of forming the idea about complex intellectual operations, partly or completely un-observable, such as generalization, analysis, synthesis, etc. Theoretical research was enhanced by the experimental work of a general kind which included organizing and conducting the contest of projects on mathematics during four years on the basis of Physics and Mathematics Faculty of Bunin Elets State University. Competition results revealed new problems that must be taken into account in the organization of project activities.

DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2015.v6n5s4p172


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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)

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