A Comparative Analysis of the Parameters of "Hardiness" and "Resilience"

Elena Ivanovna Nikolaeva, Oksana Evgen'evna Elnikova

Abstract


The article presents a psychophysiological analysis of the resilience and hardiness of the adult tested persons (68 people). The tested persons were divided into three groups in accordance with the objective health indicators. The resilience of adults with chronic diseases is associated with the ability to predict the pattern of the signal input in a complex sensorimotor response. The hardiness is not associated with the psychophysiological characteristics. However, it is correlated with the coping strategies of "problem solving" and "coping focused on emotions", as well as with the self-assessment of health. The tested persons with chronic diseases, as opposed to the tested persons without chronic diseases, better predicted the pattern of the sensory input of signals in a complex sensorimotor response, which is estimated by the authors as a manifestation of the resilience. It is concluded that the resilience and hardiness not only have a different result for a person after overcoming a difficult situation, but also possess different mechanisms of occurrence.

DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2015.v6n5s4p219


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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)

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