Culture in the System of Being as a Problem of Phil Osophical Knowledge

Natalya Rinatovna Balynskaya, Svetlana Nikolayevna Amelchenko


The issue of studying culture within the system of being is preconditioned by ambiguous approaches to understanding these universal notions throughout the history of philosophic ideas. Such approaches frequently limit the parameters of these notions. The goal of this article is to reveal unique features of the culture and complex system of its interaction with the system of being. This article covers the ontologic status of culture, correlation of the material, ideal, and social in its universe. System, structural and functional methods, as well as the developing modeling method, exemplified by the philosophic concept of M. S. Kagan, is applied to study this issue more thoroughly. In addition, some provisions of his theory, as well as the modeling methods, can be further developed and complemented, while certain assumptions can be reconsidered allowing to make additional adjustments to the formation of objective knowledge about culture. This article analyzes the structural components of the ontologic system, including the being of the objective and individualized ideality, which was not specified by M.S. Kagan. It showed that this structural subdivision of the being produces ideas, ideals, and goals of a person and the society, being the main source of culture origins and development, the characteristic of its above-biological status in the universe, and the source of intelligent and value-oriented development. This article also reveals the culture as a complex system characterized by diversity of existence and the structure of being. However, culture is not only a part of the system of being; it also determines its diversity through the unique specifics of its forms and functional processes.

DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2015.v6n5s4p289

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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)

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