Verbal Objectification of the Concept of Death in the Polish and Russian

Olga Alexandrovna Meshcheryakova, Włodzimierz Wysoczański

Abstract


The article attentions to the structure problem of the abstract concept “death”. The evaluation of phraseological and paroemiological units in Polish and Russian languages occurs on the basis of complex linguo-cognitive and culturological paradigm and detects peculiarities of this universal phenomenon. Comparison results give evidence, that concrete representation of death by Poles and Russians has both common features, which are surely formed under the influence of the Slavic mythology. Affinity in the visualization of the abstract term leads to the death personification. Thereby the woman’s image is the dominant one, as in the mythological awareness the female principle is associated with something bad. It proves that the image along with the notional part of the concept expresses axiological-evaluated values. The image of the woman as a death is reflected in proverbs, riddles, phraseological units of Russian and Polish languages. It is also found out, that the image as a structure part of the concept „death” has distinctive features as well due to religious, social and historical development of the countries. There are differences in verbalization means. In Polish, for example, the nominative density of the concept is higher; proper nouns are used more extensive than in Russian. The comparative analysis of the image in the concept structure „death” related to the Polish and Russian spheres of concepts proves, that in the national plurality of concepts a mental unit DEATH has a cultural value for Slavic linguo-cultures and at the same time it is validated through the last ones.

DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2015.v6n5s4p423


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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)

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