History of Origin of Tutoring in Global Educational Practice

Chelnokova Elena Alesksandrovna, Agayev Natig Farman, Kaznacheeva Svetlana Nikolaevna, Yudakova Olga Vladimirovna, Blagodinova Veronika Valerievna, Spiridonova Marina Ivanovna


This article represents historical analysis of origin and development of tutoring in global educational practice. Tutoring technology appeared in XI century and from then had a long road from medieval European universities of Oxford and Cambridge to global educational practice, in particular in Russia. The author of the article has done an analysis of tutor activity during the whole period of its existence: from parenting functions in XVI century to educational functions at present. The article reviews basic principles of tutor work, historical and educational meaning of tutoring as a technique of help and support of learners. The author pays special attention to retrospective review of tutoring in Russian educational system, as the author considers this technique to be the key for realisation of projects and solution of problems of modern Russian education, as well as for modernisation through a professional support in individual education.

DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2015.v6n6p492

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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)

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