Bilingual Dictionaries of the Turkic People as Indicator of Identity of Cultures

Alfiya Shavketovna Yusupova, Elvira Nikolaevna Denmukhametova


For acquaintance to the people, its traditions and mentality, first, it is necessary to know its language. Through comparisons of linguistic designs of the native and learned language it is possible to draw parallels, to reveal specifics of thinking and to make overall picture of the world of the people talked in this language to learn its identity. The first assistant, in this case, certainly, are translation dictionaries. In article questions of the emergence of bilingual dictionaries of the Turkic people, their structure, social and cultural functions as translation dictionaries is the major practical grant when studying other language are considered. The aim of this paper is to throw light upon the structure of bilingual dictionaries of Turkic peoples (including Tatar dictionaries) and their first publishing. Due to the changes of peoples’ view to the life and their attitudes towards these changes dictionaries reflect the changes of an active vocabulary of languages. In work development of the Tatar bilingual dictionaries (especially Tatar-Russian and Russian-Tatar lexicographic sources), as one of representatives of the Turkic world is in detail investigated; the structure, methods and methods of drawing up dictionaries are reflected, the analysis is given to dictionary entries, reflecting identity and mentality of the Turkic people. The presented material is the first experience of illumination of mental qualities of the Turkic people, including the Tatar people recorded in the form of lexemes in bilingual dictionaries. They give an objective assessment of mastering of the user of sociocultural competence, reflected in lexicographic sources. Results of this research assist active use of bilingual dictionaries in studying of Turkic languages for the purpose of diagnostics of levels of proficiency as language, and identification by information on the identity of the Turkic people.

DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2015.v6n6s2p87

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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)

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