To the Problem on the Methodology of Pension System Institutionalization in Russia
The need to form the methodology of institutionalization of the pension system in Russia is reasoned by a number of factors related to the defects of the distribution model’s Institute, the most important of which are unacceptably low level of pension amounts, high insurance rates, independence of the accrued pension’s sizes from the level of wages, the economically active population’s reducing, and a growing number of pension recipients among immigrants from the former Soviet republics. Moreover, the payment of current pension expenses was carried out from current receipts, which testified the financial collapse of the system. As a result, the distributional model of the national pension system is almost discredited both financial and socio-political points of view. The article analyzes different points of view of domestic researchers on the reforming problems of domestic institutions in the pension system, substantiates the benefits of cumulative distribution system’s Institute in comparison with the distributional system and describes trends and controversies. From a critical position the implications of legislative acts’ implementation in the sphere of pension provision are analyzed. All this has led to several important conclusions, including the problems’ identification of insurance model implementation, the pension system’s specific benefits’ revealing, which are manifested in certain negative social and economic consequences that results to the formation of a methodological platform of institutionalization of the pension system and allow to provide real evolutionary rather than fragmentary and situational nature of its institutional model’s reforming. This article is intended for researchers, teachers and students studying the problems of formation and development of the domestic pension system, its research methods within the discipline “Economics of public sector (government) services”, “Pension and social security” and for specialists of regional authorities, dealing with the problems of development of the pension system, social protection and social security of the population.
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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)
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