Socio-economic Situation of Vietnam in the Context of the Development of New Forms of Migration
Authors analyze migration and tourism in the context of social and economic development of Vietnam as these processes objectively influence the social and economic situation in Vietnam: Vietnam is on the fourteenth place in the world on population, being one of the most densely populated countries of Southeast Asia, possesses unique climatic conditions, rich stories, the convenient transport geographical position. Vietnam is the labor-surplus country and considerable part of the labor traditionally exports abroad. Vietnam actively develops. In it the middle class that is ready to train children abroad forms and wants to travel abroad as tourists. Vietnam becomes more and more active participant of migratory processes and the popular tourist direction in the global economy. The authorities of Vietnam pay considerable attention to the relief of passport and visa formalities for foreign citizens, first, of tourists. Economic migration from Russia is followed by capital export, which is put in business and economy of Southeast Asia, first, to Vietnam and Thailand. From 1990th to this region the flow of tourists and migrants from Russia considerably increased, many of which opened the business afterwards here, constantly live or regularly come, buy real estate, open shops, the enterprises, and restaurants. There are new forms of social and economic adaptation of Russians in the countries of this region result. In some Southeast Asian countries, "the Russian presence" becomes not only noticeable but also dominating. So, today Vietnam activates policy on the attraction of the foreign investments where it considers the Russian investments as a priority. Researchers note, that in the beginning of the second decade of the XXI century are available two determining tendencies in world society as the new directions of modeling of methodology of public strategic planning: 1) increase of uniformity of the world; 2) the parallel strengthening of its complexity and even diversity caused by effect of hashing of diverse components of the general world space by means of the intensified migratory flows (Ryazantsev et al, 2014; Shakleina & Baykov, 2014; Ryazantsev et al, 2015 a; Ryazantsev et al, 2015 & Karepova et al, 2015).
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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)
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