A Review of the Effect of the Role of Purchase Rewards to Customers, as a Purchase Intention Mediator, on the Profitability of SMEs (Small and Medium-sized Enterprises) in Sanandaj City

Arezoo Nazari, Parastoo Sedaghat


The present research study intended to investigate the impact of the Role of Purchase Rewards to Companies’ Customers, as
a Purchase Intention Mediator, on the Profitability of SMEs in Sanandaj City in 2014. Three different types of variables,
including Independent, Dependent and Intervening variables, are specified in this study; Purchase Rewards to Customers is
the Independent Variable, Profitability is the Dependent Variable and the Purchase Intention Mediator is the Intervening
Variable. The ultimate research application of the current study is that of Applied Research implementations based on the
descriptive research methods. To this end, correlational research and survey research methods were selected as the branches
of descriptive research. The study’s statistical population consists of 444 companies’ Managers and an unlimited number of
Customers of SMEs in Sanandaj city among which 206 managers and 384 clients were selected as sample population based
on Cochran’s Sample Size Formula. Moreover, Likert Scale Questionnaire was employed to accomplish the survey research in
order to collect research data required. The research data were analyzed both descriptively and inferentially, using LISREL8.7
and SPSS18 softwares, based on Pearson Correlation Coefficient test and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). To estimate
the reliability of the Questionnaire, Cronbach Alpha Reliability measure of estimation was adopted; accordingly, the reliability of
the questionnaires of the research three different variables such as Purchase Rewards to Customers Variable, Profitability
variable and Purchase Intention Mediator variable were estimated as 0.841, 0.747 and 0.839 successively. Furthermore, the
research hypotheses were confirmed at %95 confidence level. Consequently, it was concluded that, based on the research
results, the role of purchase rewards to customers had a statistically significant effect on the profitability of SMEs in Sanandaj
city. The type of rewards and the time of the rewardings were ranked accordingly; the former got the first rank while the latter
got the second rank. It was concluded that the more the purchase intentions of the customers, the lesser the relationship
between the role of purchase rewards and the profitability of SMEs.

DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2015.v6n6s6p261

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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)

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