The General Features and Particular Characteristics of the Political Development of Abkhazia, Adygea, Dagestan and Chechnya in 1989-2000

Amina S. Khalilova, Julia M. Lysenko, Gebek F. Gebekov, Abbaz D. Osmaev, Victor S. Lebedev, Astanda S. Khashba


The issues related to the political developments in the period of 1989-2000 of government entities located in the Caucasus, is in the focus of today’s historians, political scientists, sociologists, social scientists, and other scholars. The main objective of this study is to identify the general and particular features in the development of the political system of four Caucasian republics - Abkhazia, Adygea, Dagestan and Chechnya in the last decade of the XX century. The following material is based on an extensive review of the scientific literature, archival sources, legislation of the studied regions, periodicals, and the data from the Internet. Analysis of the data has enabled to give a general description and demonstrate the special features of both the political process, and the state structure in them. The revealed the reasons that contributed to the choice made by the studied regions in years 1989-2000 of the tactics and strategy of further political developments in the transformation of their social order. The study identified the main lines of development, and also shown the charactering features that emerged in each of the subjects, different ways of reaching an increase in public status and moved on to building a civil society based on democratic principles.

DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2015.v6n6s7p123

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Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 2039-9340(Print) ISSN 2039-2117(Online)

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